It turns out that in some ways, getting audio signals into the iPad is similar to getting audio signals into the iPhone 3GS, and in some ways it’s not. Like the iPhone, the iPad includes a built-in microphone as well as support for a headset microphone through its headset jack. Unlike the iPhone, the iPad does not support audio line level input via the 30-pin dock connector, so you won’t be able to use existing iPod mic/line accessories with your iPad.
The iPad’s lack of audio line input support would appear to be a major limitation of the device, particularly for audio test and measurement apps. However, it turns out that the iPad can act as a USB host with support for 16-bit, 48 kHz USB Audio Class compliant devices. All you need to do is plug a compatible USB audio device into the USB port of the iPad Camera Connection Kit and you’re good to go. (I’ll spend more time explaining what “compatible” means in a future post.)
So how does the frequency response of the built-in microphone and the headset input compare? I measured both and offer comparisons with the iPhone 3GS. It turns out that the two devices have very similar characteristics for their mic inputs.